The business environment changes constantly, and so too must the approaches to managing a business organisation successfully. Among the plethora of management theories, each proposing that it provides the best solution to optimising an organisation, a few have stood the test of time and are considered principles that all modern managers should know and be able to apply. Management Principles: a contemporary edition for Africa focuses on these core management principles. It provides learners with a sound knowledge of the business environment, how to manage scarce resources, and the functions of planning, organising, leading and controlling. The book also highlights the importance of sound decision-making, information management, optimising a diverse workforce, managing different organisational cultures, managing people (individuals, groups and teams) and business ethics.